HEALTH

Health Facts on Nasal Polyps – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Are you suffering from a chronic cold or nasal congestion which seems endless? Or has the standard over the counter cold and allergy treatment been of little use? Then, perhaps, you have nasal polyps. Your otolaryngology clinic is the most suitable practice to help you with an accurate diagnosis and treatment regime.

So, what exactly are nasal polyps? These are soft, painless, benign growths lining the nasal tissues. Nasal polyps are generally tear-shaped which grows in size with time. Smaller polyps have less hindrance to nasal congestion and breathing issues, while larger polyps are associated with recurring infections and chronic inflammation.  These polyps are more common in young adults although it may occur in anyone. Timely intervention can help in preventing recurring colds and nasal congestion. So let us explore the causes behind these nasal polyps:

Image source: resident360files.nejm.org

What causes nasal polyps? The lining of the cavity  cavity is protected by a wet layer called the mucosa. It helps in humidifying the air we breathe in, but if this layer gets swollen due to an infection or an allergy-induced irritation, then there is a chance for nasal polyps to grow. These polyps can block the nasal passage. Some of the common triggers of nasal polyps include:

  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Asthma
  • Sensitivity to medication such as aspirin or ibuprofen

Some individuals have a hereditary predisposition due to the presence of certain genes that cause their nasal lining to react to inflammation.

What are the signs & symptoms of nasal polyps? If you suffer from a stuffy nose and chronic sinusitis lasting over 12 weeks, you might be having nasal polyps. It is important to go an ENT clinic to review your condition for corrective action.

Image source: ocentclinic.com

A single small polyp might not hinder your nasal passage, but multiple growths into an outsized polyp increase the probabilities of nasal congestion. a number of the common signs and symptoms include:

Constant runny nose
Persistent stuffiness
Sinus pain
Postnasal drip
Lack of ability to smell
Headaches
Pain in upper teeth
Snoring
Frequent nosebleeds
Sense of pressure over forehead and face
How are nasal polyps diagnosed? An ENT specialist are going to be ready to diagnose this condition after reviewing your symptoms and taking a better check out your cavity . this is often generally done using an instrument called an otoscope. Polyps located within the interior of the nasal passage will need additional equipment to form a diagnosis. a number of the common detection methods include:

Nasal endoscopy: A narrow tube is inserted with a camera and lighting element at one end to possess a transparent picture of your nasal interior CT/MRI scan: This helps your ENT surgeon to work out the precise size and site of the polyp. Scans also can reveal if there are the other nasal abnormalities or the presence of any malignant tumors.
Skin Prick Allergy Testing: To rule out the explanation for the polyp, your ENT doctor may order allergy testing to seem into the explanation for nasal inflammation. A panel of allergens are going to be deposited on the skin through tiny pricks to review how your system reacts to those allergens
Cystic Fibrosis: If the polyps are present during a young child your doctor will order a test for CF along side another additional testing for genetic diseases.

Image source: stlsinuscenter.com

Visiting an experienced ENT specialist early , once you have nasal congestion or sinusitis can help to rule out nasal polyps. this may assist you ease discomfort and continue on an easy daily routine. Severe breathing difficulties and worsening of symptoms suddenly warrant an emergency ENT appointment.

How are nasal polyps treated? Medications to constrict the nasal polyp helps in reducing the dimensions , thus relieving nasal congestion and other related symptoms. Your otolaryngologist can also prescribe nasal steroids to scale back symptoms and ease your stuffy nose. Common medications include fluticasone, mometasone, and budesonide. When the nasal sprays are ineffective, injectable steroids like prednisone are prescribed, although it’s not a long-term treatment option. Sinus infections and allergies are treated through antibiotics and antihistamines.

If managing conservatively isn’t helping improve symptoms, you’ll be recommended surgery. this may take under consideration , the dimensions of the polyp and is typically performed as an outside procedure called a polypectomy. Larger polyps are addressed endoscopic sinus surgery.

Following surgery, nasal sprays and saline washes help in preventing the reoccurrence of polyps. this is often done to scale back the incidence of inflammation of the cavity . Individuals with chronic nasal problems may, however, have a reoccurrence of polyps in some cases.

What are the complications thanks to nasal polyps? Multiple and enormous polyps block the airflow resulting in variety of complications like:

Chronic or frequent sinus infections
Obstructive apnea
Double vision thanks to alteration of the structure of your face.

How to prevent nasal polyps? Individuals who follow an ENT doctor’s advice on allergy and sinusitis are less likely to suffer from nasal polyps. this may help in controlling asthma and allergy conditions which cause nasal inflammation and irritation. aside from this, a number of the opposite factors to think about are:

Hygiene: Good hand hygiene reduces the danger of bacterial and viral infections causing nasal and sinus inflammation.
Humidity: employing a humidifier if your house is dry.
Avoiding irritants: Chemicals, allergens, and airborne pathogens help in reducing the danger of nasal polyps.
Nasal rinse: A nasal rinse will help remove irritants and allergens causing nasal inflammation.
The ENT Clinic in Singapore features a strong team of doctors and staff with a wealth of experience treating ear, nose, and throat disorders to both pediatric and adult patients. The practice has two prime locations within the little red dot at Mount Elizabeth Novena Centre and Gleneagles Hospital. If you discover yourself affected by nasal polyps or another ENT predicament, you’ll be in strong hands at this practice.

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